Louisiana decides future of non-unanimous jury verdicts

New Orleans resident Molly Ezell holds a sign promoting a Louisiana constitutional amendment that would require unanimous 12-member jury verdicts in serious felony cases in the state on Oct. 29, 2018 in New Orleans. Louisiana is one of only two states allowing convictions by jury votes of 10-2 or 11-1. The amendment that would change that is on the Nov. 6 ballot. (AP Photo/Kevin McGill)

NEW ORLEANS (AP) — The Latest on amendment to constitution to end non-unanimous juries (all times local):

9:45 p.m.

Louisiana voters have approved a constitutional amendment that will end a prosecutor's ability to convict people of serious felonies without a unanimous jury verdict.

When the amendment takes effect Jan. 1, it will leave Oregon as the only other state allowing split verdicts.

The vote Tuesday ends a Jim Crow-era practice that made it easier to imprison non-whites by allowing as few as 10 members of a 12-member jury to convict defendants accused of serious felonies except for those involving death sentences.

Passage in Louisiana was a victory for a rare alliance of conservatives and progressives. The Christian conservative group Louisiana Family Forum and the Koch brothers' organization Americans for Prosperity joined the American Civil Liberties Union and the Southern Poverty Law Center among groups supporting the measure.

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Voters will decide Tuesday whether Louisiana should join almost every other state in the nation where jury verdicts must be unanimous.

For decades jurors in felony trials — with the exception of death penalty cases — have been able to convict defendants with a 10-2 or 11-1 verdict.

Oregon is the only other state that allows split verdicts, and in Louisiana, support for joining the other 48 has been broad, with a rare coalition of conservatives and progressives calling for passage.

U.S. Sen. Bill Cassidy, a Republican, and the only Democrat in the state congressional delegation, Rep. Cedric Richmond of New Orleans, supported it. So did groups as politically diverse as the Louisiana Family Forum and the Southern Poverty Law Center.

Backers derided split-verdict felonies as a vestige of Jim Crow-era polices promoting white supremacy, making it easier to convict non-white defendants even if one or two non-whites are on a jury. And they noted the possibility of a non-unanimous jury convicting innocent defendants.

A video distributed by the Unanimous Jury Coalition featured two exonerated convicts who had been imprisoned as a result of split verdicts.

It was a fear exploited in a 30-second online ad for the amendment by the conservative Koch-brothers-backed Americans For Prosperity. "Imagine your child is charged with a crime she didn't commit," the ad said. "Multiple jurors agree she is innocent but the government sends her to prison anyway. It happens in Louisiana."

While broad, support wasn't unanimous.

Calcasieu Parish District Attorney John DeRosier was a vocal opponent as the amendment moved through the Legislature. Sabine Parish District Attorney Don Burkett also has publicly opposed it, saying it would thwart justice by enabling a single juror to block a conviction in a case where evidence is clearly beyond a reasonable doubt.

"Child molesters, drug dealers, murderers — it's going to make it tougher than ever to convict them," Burkett said in an interview.

The Louisiana District Attorneys Association stayed officially neutral. But, some prosecutors gave full-throated support.

District attorneys backing the measure included Hillar Moore III in Baton Rouge, James Stewart in Caddo Parish, Keith Stutes in Lafayette, and Paul Connick of Jefferson Parish in suburban New Orleans. New Orleans' district attorney Leon Cannizzaro stayed neutral.

"Once you know the history of this law, then you have to vote to repeal it," former Grant Parish District Attorney Ed Tarpley, a Republican, told the Press Club of Baton Rouge as he campaigned for the amendment. "This is something that is a stain on the legacy of our state."

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