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AYost / AARON YOST/News-Review photos  

Bear handler Dexter Osborn feeds Lea, a Kodiak Brown Bear, a treat while keeping a wary eye on Yogi the grizzly bear during a presentation Sunday at the Sportsman’s & Outdoor Show at the Douglas County Fairgrounds.


Elections
Filings trickle in for local school, fire boards, but candidates needed for many spots

The primaries and general elections get a lot of attention in even-numbered years, but a whole host of local boards from schools to fire departments have elections coming up this year.

This May, Douglas County will hold its special district election. Some candidates have already begun to file for seats on local boards, but there are still some boards with open positions and no candidates at all.

The first day to file was about one week ago, on Feb. 11, and there’s a little over one month left. The last day to file for office is March 21.

There have been some filings for Umpqua Community College and Roseburg School District board seats, but even these have some open positions with no candidates yet filed. The Elkton Rural Fire District already has one candidate for each of three open seats, but most local fire districts so far have no candidates filed at all.

Micki Hall, Rodney Cotton and John Parker have filed for the Roseburg School District. Twila McDonald, Doris Johnson Lathrop, David Littlejohn and Erica Mills have filed for the UCC board, in zones 1, 2, 3 and 4, respectively. No one has filed for zone 6, which covers South and Southeast Douglas County, including Riddle, Canyonville and Glendale.

Jerry O’Sullivan and Lonnie Rainville have filed for South Umpqua School District. John Poore and Brian West have filed for Winston-Dillard School District. J.R. Guthrie has filed for Sutherlin School District, Melody Rudenko has filed for Oakland School District, Candice Voynick for Glide School District and Janice Austin for Glendale School District.

Camas Valley, Days Creek, Elkton, North Douglas, Reedsport, Riddle and Yoncalla school districts so far have no candidates. Neither does the Douglas Education Service District.

Janice Austin is so far the only candidate for Glendale Ambulance, while William Spink, Gary Miller and Martin Tomaselli have filed for Elkton Fire District. Dennis Stanfill has filed for Glendale Rural Fire District. The other fire district boards so far have no candidates.

The Lower Umpqua Hospital District, Lower Umpqua Library District and North Douglas Library District are also without candidates so far.

The Lower Umpqua Parks and Recreation District has two candidates, Daniel Vasquez and Linda Stevens. Other parks districts remain without candidates.

Positions are also open on a host of local water, road and sanitary districts, as well as the Riddle Cemetery Maintenance District, the Port of Umpqua and the Douglas County Transit District.

For more information on how to run for any of these offices, contact the Douglas County Elections Division at 541-440-4252 or go online to http://www.co.douglas.or.us/clerk/specialdistrictelection_Info.asp


AYost / AARON YOST The News-Review 

Dexter Osborn works with Yogi and Lea during a presentation by the Grizzly Ranch & Florida Black Bear Rescue at the Sportman’s & Outdoor Show on Sunday at the Douglas County Fairgrounds. Below, Osborn keeps Yogi’s attention during the performance


AYost / AARON YOST/The News-Review  

190219-nrr-outdoorshowbears-4

Yogi the grizzly keeps his attention on bear handler Dexter Osborn and the piece of fruit in his hand during a presentation at the Sportsman’s & Outdoor Show on Sunday at the Douglas County Fairgrounds.


AYost / AARON YOST The News-Review 

Yogi the grizzly bear, left, holds Lea, a Kodiak brown bear, at arm’s length near the end of a presentation by Dexter and Megan Osborn of Grizzly Ranch & Florida Black Bear Rescue during the Sportsman’s and Outdoor Show at the Douglas County Fairgrounds on Sunday.


Health
Canyonville residents advised to boil water before use

The City of Canyonville has issued a drinking water warning, advising residents to boil the water before use.

“A water sample taken (Monday) showed turbidity levels of 4.0 turbidity units,” a press release by the city read. “There is an increased chance that the water may contain disease-causing organisms.”

The standard is 1.0 turbidity units. Turbidity is a measure of cloudiness in water. It has no health effects, but can indicate the growth of disease-causing organisms such as bacteria, viruses and parasites.

Let it boil for one minute and let it cool before use, the release said. Bottled water can also be used for drinking, making ice, washing dishes, brushing teeth or food preparation.

The City of Canyonville press release states, “We anticipate having the problem resolved on (Tuesday).”

General guidelines on ways to lessen the risk of infection by microbes are available from the EPA Safe Drinking Water Hotline at 800-426-4791 or the Oregon Department of Human Services Drinking Water Program at 971-673-0405.


States sue to stop Trump

WASHINGTON — A coalition of 16 Democratic-controlled states, including Oregon, California and New York, on Monday challenged President Donald Trump in court over his plan to use emergency powers to spend billions of dollars on his border wall.

The lawsuit is part of a constitutional confrontation that Trump set off on Friday when he declared that he would spend billions of dollars more on border barriers than Congress had granted him. The clash raises questions over congressional control of spending, the scope of emergency powers granted to the president, and how far the courts are willing to go to settle such a dispute.

The suit, filed in U.S. District Court in San Francisco, argues that the president does not have the power to divert funds for constructing a wall along the Mexican border because it is Congress that controls spending.

Xavier Becerra, the attorney general of California, said in an interview that the president himself had undercut his argument that there was an emergency at the border.

“Probably the best evidence is the president’s own words,” he said, referring to Trump’s speech on Feb. 15 announcing his plan: “I didn’t need to do this, but I’d rather do it much faster.”

The lawsuit, California et al. v. Trump et al., says that the plaintiff states are going to court to protect their residents, natural resources and economic interests. “Contrary to the will of Congress, the president has used the pretext of a manufactured ‘crisis’ of unlawful immigration to declare a national emergency and redirect federal dollars appropriated for drug interdiction and law enforcement initiatives toward building a wall on the United States-Mexico border,” the lawsuit says.

Congress is on its own separate track to challenge the president’s declaration. The Democrat-controlled House of Representatives may take a two-prong approach when it returns from a recess. One would be to bring a lawsuit of its own.

Lawmakers could also vote to override the declaration that an emergency exists, but it is doubtful that Congress has the votes to override Trump’s certain veto, leaving the courts a more likely venue.

The dispute stems from steps Trump said he would take after lawmakers granted him only $1.375 billion for new border barriers, legislation he signed last week to avoid another government shutdown.

Trump asserted the power to tap three additional pots of money on his own: $600 million from a Treasury Department asset forfeiture fund for law enforcement priorities; about $2.5 billion from a military anti-drug account, most of which would be siphoned from other military programs the Pentagon largely has yet to identify; and $3.6 billion in military construction funds he said he could redirect by invoking an emergency-powers statute.

Presidents have invoked emergency-powers statutes nearly five dozen times since Congress enacted the National Emergencies Act of 1976, but never before has one been used to make an end-run around Congress after it rejected funding for a particular policy.

But as the debate over Trump’s action shifts to courtrooms, legal experts warned that its fate may turn less on such high constitutional principles and more on complex legal issues — from whether plaintiffs can establish that the case is properly before the courts, to how to interpret several statutes.

“Even though Trump’s political maneuver to get around an uncooperative Congress looks like it stretches the Constitution, the questions presented in court will raise ordinary and complicated issues of administrative law,” said Peter M. Shane, an Ohio State University law professor and co-author of a separation-of-powers casebook.

Two cases had already been filed after Trump’s announcement on Feb. 15 — one by the nonprofit watchdog group Public Citizen, representing several Texas landowners and a Texas environmental group, and the other a case jointly brought by the Center for Biological Diversity, Defenders of Wildlife and the Animal Legal Defense Fund.

At least two other lawsuits are expected to be filed later this week. The American Civil Liberties Union has announced its intention to file a case, but has not yet publicly identified its client. The other case will be brought by Protect Democracy, another watchdog group, and the Niskanen Center, a center-right policy institute, on behalf of El Paso County and the Border Network for Human Rights.

Legal specialists expected the Justice Department to urge a court not to consider facts about the border or Trump’s words, but rather to defer to the president’s decision. The courts have a long history of being reluctant to substitute their own judgment for the president’s about a security threat.

The Trump administration will have a powerful argument to invoke: In the National Emergencies Act, Congress defined no standard for what conditions have to be met before a president may determine that a qualifying crisis exists.

But before a judge could weigh whether Trump invoked the statute legitimately, he or she would have to decide whether the dispute is properly before the court in the first place.

Plaintiffs will need to establish standing by showing that they are suffering some particular injury from what Trump is doing. Several of the lawsuits involve people who own land or represent communities along the Mexican border in Texas, where Trump has put the focus of his emphasis on the need for more barriers.

But it is not clear whether any of the fencing will be built in California or New Mexico, two of the states in the lawsuit, and it certainly will not be built in other states involved in the litigation, like New York, New Jersey, Washington or Hawaii.

Becerra, California’s attorney general, suggested that plaintiffs in the state lawsuits have standing for reasons that are unrelated to whether any portions of Trump’s wall will be built in their territory, arguing that “the president’s unconstitutional action could cause harms in many parts of the country.”

People in California and other plaintiff states could “lose funding that they paid for with their tax dollars, money that was destined for drug interdiction or for the Department of Defense for military men and women and military installations,” he said in an interview.

Further complicating matters, the administration has said it intends to spend the funds in sequence, starting with the $1.375 billion Congress appropriated, and reaching the emergency-power military-construction fund last. The Justice Department is likely to argue that if no disputed spending is imminent, the case is not ripe for litigation and should be dismissed.

Ian Bassin, the executive director of Protect Democracy, said that El Paso County would probably argue that its economy was being harmed by Trump’s emergency declaration because it signaled to businesses and potential tourists that they should stay away.

The Justice Department declined to comment on the wave of lawsuits. Trump has said he expected to be sued and to lose in lower courts, but he predicted he would eventually prevail before the Supreme Court.

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But plaintiffs can also challenge whether the administration is interpreting several statutes correctly.

The provision that gives the secretary of defense authority to transfer some Pentagon money from the anti-drug account Trump is planning to tap, for example, says its authority may be used “in no case where the item for which funds are requested has been denied by the Congress” — raising the question of whether extra funding for border barriers counts as such a forbidden item.

And the emergency-powers statute Trump plans to use permits military construction spending in an emergency that requires the use of the armed forces for projects “to support such use.” That has been used before to build up foreign military bases in a war effort, but litigants challenge whether a permanent wall to help civilian agencies police the border qualifies under that wording.

“Judges will certainly be aware of the larger institutional context when they address those technical issues, but that awareness will not, by itself, determine how the legal questions get resolved,” Shane said.